MONUMENTS

1)YOGINI

This circular roofless temple  dedicated to the 64 Yoginis is a monumentof the Somavansis who ruled over this territory in 8th/9th century A.D. It is built of sand stone of the local variety. The temple is in good condition. At the centre there is a roofed porch enshrining a six-handed

dancing Siva. All around in the niches we find Yogini images. Beglar who visited the place in 1874-75 has also noted them. We count now 62. There might had been two more on both sides of the southern entrance. The niches measures 100 x 50 cm. The wall measures from 2.60 to 2.65 m. The niches begins in the third course of stone slab. The wall is covered with a coping stone

Significance: Hypethral Temple is one of the four famous Yogini temples in India. The other three are located at Hirapur (near Bhubaneswar), Khajuraho and Bheraghat (near Jabalpur).

2)INDRALATH

It is a unique brick temple, variously  described as a Siva or Vishnu temple. The sikhara is more than 60 feet high. It is standing on a high platform of sand stone.Some scholars opine that originally it was a Vaisnava temple. Later on it was converted into a Siva temple. However, after careful observation we think that it was a Siva temple. In the temple we notice images of Siva-Parvati, Ganesh etc. The water channel traced out from the linga seems to be the original one.

The builders of the famous Indralath  brick temple as well as the hypaethral temple of 64 Yoginis are not known for certain. Beglar  and Williams suggest a 7th century date for Sirpur temple, and therefore, Ranipur Indralath  temple being a phototype of the former can be  dated in the same epoch as well. The Nala rulers of the 7th century A.D. were preeminently Vaisnavites and their political and cultural activities were mostly confined in Rajim, Kalahandi and Balangir region and so the possibility of their association with the construction of this temple may not be ruledout altogether. Beglar is also inclined to take  back the antiquity of 64 Yogini as well as theSomesvara Siva temple to the 8th century A.D. In the present state of our knowledge, we cannotsay with certainty the precise time and the regime, when and by whom these temples werebuilt. This much we can say here that the accumulated artistic and architectonic acumen of the post-Gupta age seemed to have had significant contribution to the building activities of this Centre.

We believe that our comprehensive survey of art and architecture of South Kosala with special reference to Ranipur-Jharial during the period under discussion reveals that there was unprecedented outburst of artisticactivities. Keeping pace with the theoretical concept of the multiplication of gods and goddesses of the various pantheons, the rulersof this region sincerely attempted to reflect them through the medium of stone. The economicprosperity of the kingdom combined with the enign patronage and zeal of the rulers seemto have offered a most conducive atmosphere for prolific attainment of the artistic excellenceof this age. In fact, with numerous monuments Ranipur-Jharial can well be designated as a temple town of an estimable importance in the remote past.

Significance:   Indralatha is one of the tallest ancient brick temple.

3)SOMESWAR TEMPLE

It is comparatively in a good state of preservation. Here we find the inscription

of Gangana Siva which reads “Somasvami Siddhesvara Laxminama Chaturthanam” We noticed here an image of Durga, aVrisabha, a Nagi and a Dwarapala. On the lintel of the entrance to the GarbhagrihaGajalaxmi is seen. On the entrance wall a deity possibly a Buddha or a Siddha in

dhyana-mudra and in the sanctum proper a linga palpably Someswar is seen. Near this

Siva-Parvati or a worshipper couple has been placed in recent time. In the Jagamohana, the Kakshasana design like that of Khajuraho temple is noticed. The railing in the Kakshasana is made of burnt bricks and stones.

4)LEHARIGUDI

Originally this temple was in Khakhara order. It is in a dilapidated condition. The name of the temple is perhaps derived from Luipa a tantric Siddha. It is located on the bank of the Someswar Sagar.This temple seems to be a prelude to the Vaital temple of Bhubaneswar on stylistic

consideration.The ‘Leharigudi temple’ now in utter deplorable condition, with its semicylindrical

roof like the Vaital temple of Bhubaneswar of the Dravidian Salasikhara order (Kalingan

Khakhara order) furnishes an anterior datum line of the building activities of this place. The

Vaital temple of Bhubaneswar with its  developed architectonic and artistic characteristics is being dated to the 6th century A.D. A similar date or even an anterior date,

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